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Проблемы Арктики и Антарктики

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Факторы формирования поверхностного притока к озерам антарктического оазиса Холмы Ларсеманн

https://doi.org/10.30758/0555-2648-2021-67-3-293-309

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Аннотация

Объектами исследования являются 11 водоемов антарктического оазиса Холмы Ларсеманн. Работа выполнена по материалам сезонных работ 63 — 65-й РАЭ: используются наблюдения за уровнем воды озер, аэрофотосъемки БПЛА, маршрутные обследования, приведены результаты выделения границ водосборных площадей озер. Наиболее значимыми выявленными факторами, определяющими формирование притока воды к озерам, являются метеорологические условия (количество твердых осадков, ветровой режим, температура воздуха), наличие многолетних снежников и ледниковых участков на водосборах, прорыв верхнего в системе озера. Сезонно-талый слой рыхлых отложений регулирует склоновый сток по мере протаивания и промерзания. Особенностью оазиса является то, что на формирование стока практически не влияют растительный покров и антропогенная деятельность.

Об авторах

М. Р. Кузнецова
Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет
Россия

Санкт-Петербург



Г. В. Пряхина
Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет
Россия

Санкт-Петербург



С. Д. Григорьева
Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет; ГНЦ РФ Арктический и антарктический научно-исследовательский институт
Россия

Санкт-Петербург



Э. Р. Киньябаева
Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет
Россия

Санкт-Петербург



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Для цитирования:


Кузнецова М.Р., Пряхина Г.В., Григорьева С.Д., Киньябаева Э.Р. Факторы формирования поверхностного притока к озерам антарктического оазиса Холмы Ларсеманн. Проблемы Арктики и Антарктики. 2021;67(3):293-309. https://doi.org/10.30758/0555-2648-2021-67-3-293-309

For citation:


Kuznetsova M.R., Priakhina G.V., Grigoreva S.D., Kiniabaeva E.R. Formation factors of surface inflow to antarctic lakes of the Larsemann Hills oasis. Arctic and Antarctic Research. 2021;67(3):293-309. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.30758/0555-2648-2021-67-3-293-309

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